Kali Linux Install – Setup Kali persistent USB 2016

Kali Persistent USB Setup

After recently deciding to get back into Linux, I decided to start using Kali and ditch Backtrack 5. As you all know, Kali is basically a new, debian, version of Backtrack Linux. kali persistent logo If you haven’t already tried out Kali, a persistent USB is a perfect way to test it out. A Kali persistent USB drive will allow you to run your Linux OS off the USB drive itself, and keep track of your changes. This is great if you want to save your downloaded tools for later, or if you switch between multiple computers often. It’s actually easier than ever to create a persistent copy of Kali. I recommend a USB 3.0 flash drive with 8GB or more of space. I used a 32GB flash drive — Kali itself should take up around 3.5GB to 4GB of space. I am going to be assuming that you are currently a Windows user.


  • USB 3.0 drive with at least 8GB of space
  • Windows computer (some software we will use requires Windows)

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WPA_Supplicant config for WPA encryption Backtrack 5

Why use WPA_Supplicant Daemon?

Wpa_supplicant config

So after finding an old Backtrack 5 R3 persistent USB drive I had created years ago, I booted it up to browse the content I had on it. Last time I used it, I was connected to a WEP encrypted network, but as we all know those offer weak protection and are slightly outdated for today. The tools and techniques to break WEP encryption have been around for a while and therefore WEP is rarely used these days. That being said, WPA encryption isn’t flawless, but a better alternative. I’m not going to discuss how to crack those here. Anyway, I figured I would share with you how to connect to a WPA encrypted network in Linux using the terminal and WPA_Supplicant daemon.

If you’re still using Backtrack 5 R3, I recommend upgrading to Kali Linux by creating a persistent USB.

Normally, we use iwconfig to configure wireless networks. However, iwconfig does not support WPA/WPA2 encryption. We have to use the “WPA_Supplicant Daemon” to connect to a WPA encrypted network.

Wpa_supplicant comes pre-installed in most Linux distros (including Backtrack 5 R3, Kali Linux and Ubuntu). Since Backtrack 5 R3 is outdated, it is configured to make connecting to WEP encrypted networks easily,

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Repair Laptop Charger Plug tutorial 2016

power plug/adapter

Have you ever been unable to use an electronic device because the power adapter plug has gone bad? Well, worry no more, because I am going to teach you how to repair the plug. It is a common occurrence with most electronic devices, especially the ones we carry with us, such as laptops. Most of the time people wrap the cord up and eventually, over time, will cause it to fail. This is a DIY tutorial on how to fix your own plug.

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Arduino Kits – Which one should you buy?

There are so many Arduino kits in the market which you can purchase. If you are new to Arduino, the choices can be overwhelming. They have kits on Amazon and kits on Ebay, but where do you get started?

I recently read a great article over at pretzellogix.net before making any recommendations. There are 4 kits the site compares:


  • The Official Arduino Starter Kit
  • The Sunfounder Super Kit
  • Sparkfun Inventors Kit
  • The ARDX Starter Kit

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Love the Start button? Now added to RT devices.

I have had the Microsoft Surface RT since it first released, back in 2012, as it was given to me as a Christmas present.  I was very disappointed when I found out that it utilizes an ARM processor and cannot run all the usual Windows applications.  Only apps that will work on the RT are from the Windows Store (unless it’s jailbroken, but I didn’t want to do that — not worth it for a few extra applications).  Even still, I have used the Surface more then I initially expected — It comes pre-installed with the basic MS Office applications (Excel, Word, OneNote, etc.) right out of the box — so it was good for note-taking.  If I needed to use any actual Windows Software to perform a task (Photoshop, etc.), I can just Remote desktop into my PC using the RDP app for the Surface RT.  I used my Surface more in college than my laptop because of the size–it was easier to carry around.

One major issue I had with the Surface RT was the Windows 8 start button behavior.  Push the Start button and you get the following screen:

Microsoft’s new “Start Screen” for Windows 8

I hated clicking the Start button and getting the above screen.  “What happened to the original Start button Windows is so well known for?”  This is one of the reasons I never upgraded any Windows 7 desktop/laptop to Windows 8.

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Fix a broken remote control - Tutorial

Replace remote control infrared LED

I purchased a Dynex 32″ TV for my apartment during college. It was a really good TV, however the remote control wasn’t that responsive. The remote got worse over time, and practically became useless within a year. So instead of purchasing a new remote, I decided to open my current one up to see what was wrong with it. I figured it was either the IR receiver on the TV or the IR Transmitter on the remote control. You can also use this tutorial if your remote is very weak. If you have to be very close to the TV to change channels even with new batteries, means infrared LED is weak.

Note: This tutorials assumes that you have soldering experience.   Please make sure you take caution when working with a soldering iron.

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Make Dropbox Sync any folder on your PC

If you use Dropbox, like me, it can sometimes be annoying that it will only sync folders/files that you specifically place in the “Dropbox” folder.  This can get annoying at times when you have a folder in another location that you wish to also have backed up to Dropbox, yet do not wish to move it physically.  It turns out, there is a really neat trick that you can utilize to allow you to sync any folder with your Dropbox folder.

All you really need is the Windows Command Prompt.

How to Sync any folder with Dropbox:

You need to make sure you do not make any typo’s because you will have to use the Windows Command Prompt.  I will first have you setup the command in a text editor, such as Notepad.  (I will be using “Sublime Text” – which is practically the same thing only better.)

Open Notepad/Sublime Text:


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